15 Interesting And Popular Places In Berlin Required to Visit – Berlin, the capital of Germany and the country’s major city, is also a major center of politics, culture, media, and science.
Noted for its social flair, Berlin is home to the world-famous Berlin Opera and Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, while its diverse artwork scene encompasses a huge selection of galleries, occasions, and museums, including those focused around Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
First mentioned in the 13th hundred years, it wasn’t until 1871 that Berlin became the capital of the German Empire, and regardless of the devastation of WWII accompanied by years of decay to the east of the infamous Berlin Wall.
The rebuilt city today stands as a testament to the country’s financial and ethnic importance. Berlin offers an eclectic mixture of new and basic architecture, dynamic entertainment, shopping, and a wide variety of sports and ethical institutions.
15 Interesting And Popular Places In Berlin Required to Visit
1). The Gendarmenmarkt
The Gendarmenmarkt, one of Berlin’s largest squares, is dominated by three large ancient buildings – the Konzerthaus, the French Cathedral (Franz? sister Dom), and the Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom) – that mutually form one of the very most picturesque edges of the town.
Organized in the 17th century and known as after a regiment of Gendarmerie that got a guardhouse here, it remains one of the city’s most popular places, night and day.
The Konzerthaus, built in 1821 on the site of a youthful theater, is definitely one of Berlin’s most important theaters – Goethe’s Iphigenie was performed at its beginning – and is as famous for its architectural splendor as it is for the first-rate performances of Konzerthausorchester Berlin, one of the country’s most popular symphony orchestras.
Before the building stands the Schiller Monument, noteworthy because of its four female results on the fountain canopy representing Lyric Poetry (with a harp), Dilemma (with a dagger), Background (with tablets displaying the brands of Goethe, Beethoven, Michelangelo, and more), and Viewpoint (with a parchment scroll inscribed Discover Yourself).
If going to in winter, be sure to time your visit to coincide with the Gendarmenmarkt’s popular Holiday Market.
Another popular square in Berlin, Alexanderplatz (popularly known as “Alex”) was the center of East Berlin life and is now home to the World Time Clock, a favorite meeting place. Close by is the tv screen Tower (nicknamed “Telespargel”) with panoramic views of the city.
Address: Gendarmenmarkt, 10117 Berlin
2). The Rebuilt Reichstag
Along with the proclamation of the German Empire in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles in 1871, Berlin received the role as capital of the Empire and found itself in need of a more substantial, more esteemed building to serve as home to its government.
The foundation stone for the new Reichstag, an enormous and elegantly proportioned Neo-Renaissance palace, was laid by the Emperor himself in 1884 and completed a decade later. After its destruction by flame in 1933, much of the former framework was rebuilt in 1970.
But with your choice to return the chair of government to Berlin from Bonn after reunification, the Reichstag underwent an entire restoration in the past due 1990s.
A highlight of this magnificent reconstruction is the substitution dome, the Kuppel, made of glass and offering superb views of the encompassing city, especially at night from the Rooftop Restaurant.
Note that entrance to the Dome and Terrace is ticketed, and scheduled to demand, it’s advised that seat tickets be requested in advance (registration is on your day, but expect a two or three-hour wait around). Free British language audio guides are available.
Address: Platz der Republik 1, 11011 Berlin
3). Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
Among Berlin’s most interesting landmarks, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Cathedral (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Ged?gedächtniskirche) is in many ways two churches: the ultra-modern new church designed in 1961, and next to it, the ruins of the original, including almost all of the 63-meter-high tower.
Completed in 1895 in honor of Emperor Wilhelm I, the initial was damaged in 1943, but its remains were designed into the new complex.
The result is now a major Berlin landmark that also assists as a conflict memorial, with a memorial hall installed made up of mosaic remains architectural remnants and images.
The centerpiece is a physique of Christ from the old church and a Mix of Fingernails or toenails from Coventry Cathedral, damaged by German bombs before in WWII.
Guided tours are available, and visitors are pleased to take part in Sunday services; Evening Music Services presenting cantatas, organ recitals, and choral music; and regular weekday services.
Address: Breitscheidplatz, 10789 Berlin
4). The Brandenburg Gate
Little or nothing says “Berlin” that can compare with the Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor), long the city’s most defining monument and its own answer to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
Loosely modeled on the Acropolis in Athens and built for King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1791, this 26-meter-high sandstone monument in the Mitte district’s Pariser Platz was Berlin’s first Neoclassical framework, notable because of its four-horse chariot.
Its six large columns on each part developing five passages for use by traffic (the guts one reserved for royalty), and both buildings employed by toll-collectors and guards. Brandenburg Gate continues to be of symbolic importance and has seen many famous tourists, including Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama.
It had been also the arena of any poignant gesture when German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Russia’s Mikhail Gorbachev, and Poland’s Lech Walesa strolled through the gate in 1999 to commemorate the tearing down of the Berlin Wall structure 20 years earlier.
Address: Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin
5). Museum Island
Between your River Spree and the Kupfergraben, a 400-meter-long canal, Museum Island (Museumsinsel) is an excellent part of old Berlin to explore.
Here you will discover many of the city’s oldest & most important museums, including the Old Museum (Altes Museum), built in 1830 to accommodate the Crown Jewels and other royal treasures.
Further development observed the construction of the brand new Museum (Neues Museum) in 1855, followed by the Countrywide Gallery in 1876, and the Bode Museum in 1904, home to 1 of the city’s finest series of antiquities.
If you are only able to see one or two museums due to time limitations, make sure one of them is the Pergamon with its spectacular reconstructed ancient buildings from the center East.
Also of interest for art buffs is the Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie) using its fine collections of 19th-century paintings. Adding to the complete experience is the fact Museum Island is nearly entirely without traffic.
6). Grosser Tiergarten and the Win Column
Basically translated as the “Animal Garden,” Berlin’s Grosser Tiergarten is definitely an important area of the city. Actually, an Electoral hunting reserve in which deer, outdoors pigs, and other game were retained, it was altered into a park in 1700, designed formerly in a French style, and later converted into an English-style landscaped park.
Attractively laid out with a good amount of trees and shrubs and expanses of grass and flower borders, the Tiergarten protects some 520 acres and is a favorite area for relaxation, walking, and boating.
The park also includes numerous important statues and monuments, like the Statue of Queen Luise, erected in 1880, depicting her in a long dress with a pain relief recalling her attention of wounded troops during the Warfare of 1806, and a Monument to Frederick Wilhelm III launched in 1849 with reliefs reflecting the King’s peace-loving disposition.
The most important of the Tiergarten’s monuments, however, is the significant Victory Column, an excellent 70-meter-tall structure built on a roundabout and crowned by an eight-meter-high silver statue of Victoria (dubbed Golden Lizzy by local people).
Completed in 1873, it’s really worth climbing the 285 steps to the most notable of this amazing monument for the views over the Tiergarten.
7). Grunewald Forest
Perhaps remarkably for such a huge city, Berlin has managed to retain an area of some 32 square kilometers as forest. Referred to as the Grunewald (Greenwood), this intensely treed area took its name from the Hunting Lodge built-in 1542 by Elector Joachim II.
It’s a lovely natural part of merged oak, beech, pine, birch, acacia, and poplar trees and shrubs, and provides shelter for an abundance of wildlife including birds, deer, and even crazy pigs.
Features include its three little lakes – the Pechsee, Bartee, and Teufelssee – which form part of a favorite nature reserve, within the eastern section are the larger lakes: Hundekehlesee, Grunewaldsee, Schlachtensee, and Krumme Lanke.
As well as a nine-kilometer stretch of riverbank over the Havel, the lakes offer numerous opportunities for water sports and bathing.
Other popular features will be the 80-meter-high unnatural hill, the Teufelsberg, atop which stands the ruins of any US “listening station” (a spy center, that can be toured); the Grunewald Tower, a 19th-century memorial to Emperor Wilhelm I;
And the initial Hunting Lodge (Jagdschloss Grunewald), now a museum with an impressive assortment of artworks from the 15th to 19th hundreds of years (guided trips only).
Address: Huttenweg 100, 14193 Berlin
8). The Berlin Wall Memorial and Checkpoint Charlie
The history of the Berlin Wall structure began in 1961 when East Germany sealed from the eastern part of the town to stem the overflow of refugees from east to western world.
By the time it was torn down in 1989, the four-meter-high wall lengthened 155 kilometers, dissected 55 pavements, and possessed 293 observation towers and 57 bunkers.
Today, only small stretches of this graffiti-covered travesty remain, including a 1.4-kilometer stretch out preserved as part of the Berlin Wall membrane Memorial, a chilling reminder of the animosity that once divided European countries.
Highlights include the Marienfelde Refugee Centre Museum using its exhibits relating to the one-and-a-half million people who handed down through Berlin as refugees, the Monument in Storage area of the Divided City and the Patients of Communist Tyranny.
The Windowpane of Remembrance, and a Visitor Center with views within the remains of the wall structure. Also appealing is Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie marking the best-known crossing point between East and West Berlin and with shows and artifacts tracing the history of human protection under the law.
Address: Bernauer Strasse 111, 13355 Berlin
9). Charlottenburg Palace and Area
Berlin’s oldest and largest Prussian estate, the overdue 17th-century Charlottenburg Palace was for many years the most important place of dwelling for German royalty. Beautifully restored, this huge palace provides many important features, from its substantial 50-meter-high central dome to the delightful Orangery added in 1712.
A point out of the property’s tour program is a trip to the New Wing with its State Flats and fine Banqueting Halls. Built in 1746, it’s here visitors get a view of the splendor where the Prussian Kings and Electors lived, from Frederick I’s bedroom and study using their fine furnishings and paintings, to the rentals occupied by his successors.
Highlights are the State Dining Room and the 42-meter-long Golden Gallery with its rich gilded stucco. Over in the Old Palace is the Porcelain Cabinet, home to one of Germany’s most important porcelain collections, along with displays of valuable items including the Crown Jewels.
Other highlights will be the Palace Park going out with from 1697 and home to the New Pavilion (Neue Pavilion) built in 1788 in the design of a Neapolitan villa, and the Belvedere Teahouse using its fine collection of Berlin porcelain.
Be sure to visit the Mausoleum using its royal tombs, as well as the Grand Courtyard using its large statue of the Great Elector, Frederick William of Brandenburg.
10). The Nikolai Quarter
Berlin’s Nikolai Quarter (Nikolaiviertel) is definitely the heart and soul of the old city and is where you’ll find a lot of its oldest and most popular destinations, including St. Nicholas’ Cathedral (Nikolaikirche), lots of museums, and a fun history trail.
Recent redevelopment has seen this pedestrian-friendly one fourth become home to many small buildings establish along narrow roads filled with nooks and crannies and home to restaurants, caf?s, retailers, and craft workshops selling everything from basketry to solid wood crafts.
Highlights are the district’s many old fountains, lanterns, and lattice-windows on the more aged houses, and traditional complexes such as Ephraim Palace, built in the 1760s and housing exhibits relating to Berlin’s rich creative and cultural record (be sure to visit its lovely grand staircase).
Also of note is Knoblauch House, built in 1760 and consultant of the ex – homes of the city’s rich Jewish vendors and tradesmen.
11). The Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden and Museum
Originally your kitchen and plants of the Royal Palace, the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Garden (Botanischer Garten Berlin-Dahlem) was built-in 1679 on the instructions of the Grand Elector.
After being transferred to Dahlem at the end of the 19th century, it became one of the greatest and most important botanic backyards in the world.
Covering 104 acres, the site houses more than 22,000 different varieties of vegetation, including some open beds established geographically, an arboretum with 2,200 types of timber.
A section specialized in medicinal plants, 16 hothouses for plant life from tropical and subtropical areas – like the Great Tropical House – and a huge pond creating the centerpiece of the biotope for sea and marsh vegetation.
Also worth discovering is the Electoral Garden with its 17th-century garden greenery, a garden restaurant, and the wonderful Botanical Museum with its herbarium featuring more than two million vegetation and a considerable library.
Address: Konigin-Luise-Strasse 6-8, 14195 Berlin
12). Unter den Linden
Berlin’s most famous neighborhood, Unter den Linden – literally translated as Beneath the Lime Trees and shrubs Avenue – has for years and years been a sketch for visitors and locals as well.
This extensive avenue, stretching out some 1,400 meters and connecting Pariser Platz in front of the Brandenburg Gate to the Lustgarten, commenced as a humble driving keep tabs on in 1573 for royalty on the way to the Tiergarten to hunt, a course formalized in 1647 when the fantastic Elector got six rows of trees and shrubs planted, like the famous limes.
Today, its two car lanes are segregated by a wide central pedestrian area that stretches a lot of the street’s period and provides an awesome destination to relax and ingest the bustling city around you. Distinctive landmarks are the Arsenal and the Gendarmenmarkt, the Opera House, and St. Hedwig’s Cathedral.
13). The People from France Cathedral
The counterpart to the similarly impressive Berlin Cathedral Cathedral, also in the Gendarmenmarkt, is the French Cathedral (Franz?Fischer Dom). Consisting of the Friedrichstadt Chapel and the domed tower, which was added later, the French Cathedral was built in 1705 for the significant Huguenot community that got resolved in Berlin in 1685.
Highlights are the 70-meter-high tower with its five-octave carillon (its 60 bells are rung by means of a keypad), the 20-meter Tower Rooms (Turmstuben), and a 40-meter-high browsing balustrade with excellent breathtaking views of Berlin.
The redesigned surface floor of the church residences the Huguenot Museum, with exhibits illustrating the history of the Huguenots in France and Berlin.
Address: Gendarmenmarkt 5, 10117 Berlin
14). Berlin Cathedral Chapel
Well-known for its 75-meter-high dome using its old bell from 1532, Berlin Cathedral Cathedral was completed in 1905 on the site of an earlier cathedral seeing from enough time of Frederick the fantastic.
Built in the brand new Baroque style, the building – the major cathedral in Berlin – is divided into three main parts: the Memorial Church, the Baptismal and Nuptial Church, and the Parish Chapel. After generations of painstaking work to repair war damage.
The chapel has been coming back to its past glory, and highlights of any visit are the Imperial Staircase, furnished with bronze cornices and 13 tempera paintings by Berlin panorama painter Albert Hertel in 1905, and the Imperial Gallery using its views of the region below the dome.
Also of note is the Hohenzollern Crypt containing almost 100 sarcophagi, coffins, and monuments from the 16th to 20th hundreds of years, including those of the fantastic Elector and his partner Dorothea, and Frederick I and his partner Sophie Charlotte.
Try to time your visit for just one of the cathedral’s many concerts or music services, and make sure to climb the 270 steps to the Dome for superb views over Museum Island. (British language guided trips are available.)
Address: Am Lustgarten, 10178 Berlin
15). Berlin Zoological Gardens
Zoologischer Garten Berlin is the oldest such establishment in Germany and remains one of Berlin’s most popular attractions, inviting more than three million guests each year.
Established in 1844 and completely rebuilt after WWII, this very modern zoo and its own aquarium do a great job of exhibiting the family pets in its health care in their environment and has received a reputation for its many successful mating programs.
With more than 15,000 animals representing some 1,600 types, including pandas and apes in large open-air enclosures, as well as predator and nocturnal creature properties and Europe’s biggest aviary, be prepared to spend the best benefit of any day here.
Be sure to also visit Aquarium Berlin, one of the zoo’s main attractions. Built in 1913, it remains one of the greatest such facilities in Germany with more than 9,000 creatures housed in its 250 tanks, including reef and tiger sharks, jellyfish, exotic fish, reptiles, and bugs. Another zoo appealing is Tierpark Berlin, home to some 7,250 animals from 840 different kinds.
Address: Hardenbergplatz 8, 10787 Berlin