10 Best Attractions in London Tower Compulsory to Try – The Tower of London is not only the most important building in Britain, it’s the most visited of the city’s many tourist attractions.
This remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site served as a stronghold (many era besieged, never taken) as proficiently as a royal palace, a prison and area of execution, a royal mint and elevate vault, an observatory and, for five centuries, a private zoo.
Built by William the Conqueror to protect London and to save an eye on the order of the city’s citizens, as dexterously as ship traffic upon the River Thames, the indigenous Tower – the White Tower – was built more or less 1078.
Covering some 18 acres, the Tower unidentified today consists of the Outer Ward along along along with a wall considering six towers and two bastions, and the Inner Ward past its 13 towers.
The Tower was long a area of confinement, in the company of its many prisoners King David II of Scotland, Princess Elizabeth (difficult Queen Elizabeth I), Sir Walter Raleigh and William Penn.
Many ably-known people were moreover executed or murdered within its walls, including Henry VI, as adroitly as two of Henry VIII’s wives. The last executions carried out in the Tower took area during WWII following a number of spies were shot here.
10 Best Attractions in London Tower
1). The Other Towers
Middle Tower, built in the reign of Edward I (1307), was subsequent to than accessible and no-one else by two drawbridges is one of the finest looking of the site’s many towers. Beyond it stands Byward Tower containing protect rooms and the machinery for the portcullis, which can yet be seen in the upper rooms.
Also of complex is the Bell Tower, built by Richard I in 1190, where you’ll locate Princess Elizabeth’s Walk, the rampart leading to Beauchamp Tower concerning which the far and wide and wide ahead queen strolled during her confinement.
Also of note is invincible Wakefield Tower where the dexterously-known Ravens are kept. The Tower of London was then behind as soon as ease-known for its Royal Menagerie, and a enthralling exhibition practically these royal beasts is located in the Brick Tower.
2). Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula
The Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula takes its reveal from the day almost which it was consecrated, the festival of St Peter in Chains. Built concerning 1100, it was altered in the 13th century.
Rebuilt after a fire in 1512 and renovated and restored several era promote on. It’s moreover notable as the place where many of those executed in the Tower or regarding Tower Hill are buried.
3). Terror on Tower Green
Tower Green is where many of the Tower of London’s executions took place and is home to a moving memorial marking the site of the high flier block regarding which condemned prisoners were beheaded.
Execution inside the Tower, away from the crowds, was a privilege reserved for those of high rank or for those who had mighty popular retain. The best-known of those executed roughly or stuffy the site are the three Queens of England: Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII.
Catherine Howard, Henry’s fifth wife, and Lady Jane Grey who was just 16. Anne Boleyn was executed by the tidy exploit of an able swordsman specially imported from France, though inconsistent victim, Margaret Pole, was less privileged – a blundering executioner hacked her head and shoulders to pieces.
On one side of Tower Green sits Queen’s House, an handsome half-timbered Tudor house in which Anne Boleyn spent her last days back attainment. It was with where the procedures of Guy Fawkes took place.
4). The Beefeaters and the Ceremony of the Keys
Among the duties of the renowned Beefeaters is the ceremonial closing of the gates each evening. Known as the Ceremony of the Keys, this 700-year-out of date tradition sees the Chief Warder facility the keys of the Tower to the Resident Governor.
Special passes are required to view the ceremony and must be obtained to the fore in writing (a stamped addressed envelope is required, and merge together occurring two dates you could attend). The ceremony begins nightly at 9:40pm.
5). The White Tower and the Line of Kings
Located in the center of the Inner Ward, the White Tower – hence named due to the white stone it was built from – was begun in 1078 and completed more or less 1100.
Four stories high gone walls uphill to 15 ft thick, the structure has little cupolas a propos the corner turrets. There were added in the 17th century and the exterior was standoffish restored by Christopher Wren.
A put the accent on is Line of Kings taking into account its remarkable displays of royal armor. Acknowledged as the world’s oldest tourist similarity – it was conventional in 1652 – this accumulate together of weaponry includes hunting and sporting weapons from medieval era to the decline of the 19th century.
Arms and armor used in tournaments, as ably as some that belonged to Henry VIII. Afterwards, proclamation you will a peek into St John’s Chapel, a accurately-preserved example of Norman church architecture dating from 1080.
6). The Bloody Tower
It was in the aptly named Bloody Tower that many of the darkest of the Tower’s secrets were kept – and some of the country’s dirtiest activities finished.
Amongst its renowned prisoners was Sir Walter Raleigh, whose cell remains as it was during his three imprisonments here (including one 13 year stretch).
The tower intended its declare after the “Princes in the Tower”, Edward and Richard, were murdered by their uncle King Richard III.
7). The Jewel House – Home of the Crown Jewels
The Jewel House has been quarters to the Crown Jewels past 1968. This unique accretion includes St Edward’s Crown, made of unqualified gold and yet used in the crowning of British sovereigns.
As expertly as the Imperial State Crown set when than cutting edge than 2,800 diamonds and subsidiary pretentious stones. Made for the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837.
It’s worn at the come clean commencement of Parliament and around auxiliary special occasions. Other enthralling items amassed the Golden Anointing Bowl and Spoon, the single-handedly relics of the indigenous regalia to survive the Civil War.
8). The Medieval Palace
With its around-creations of the home used by England’s kings and queens during their frequent visits, the Medieval Palace was constructed by Henry III and his son Edward I even though expanding the Tower’s defenses.
And is famous for its opulence. Prime examples include the remarkable St Thomas’s Tower Fireplace, Edward I’s Bedchamber, the Chantry and the Lanthorn Tower considering its buildup of rare objects dating auspices to the 13th century.
9). The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers Museum
This excellent museum portrays the chronicles of the famous Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, formed in 1685 by King James II from within the ranks of the Tower of London Garrison.
The regiment’s first Commanding Officer was unlimited the title Constable of the Tower (a incline that lives upon to this hours of daylight), behind his men barracked in the Waterloo Block.
The museum is housed in what were considering the Officers’ Quarters, a building that houses the Regimental Headquarters and Officers’ Mess, and which is yet used upon ceremonial occasions.
Highlights adding together a put in of 12 Victoria Crosses, King George V’s uniform (he was former Colonel-in-Chief of the Regiment), and relics from the Napoleonic Wars.
10). Coins and Kings – The Royal Mint
The Royal Mint – located here from 1279 to 1812 – is the focus of the excellent Coins and Kings exhibit. Portraying the lives of the workers and the stories behind the coins they minted, the exhibit is located on the site of the original Mint and includes interactive displays and rare objects from the Royal Mint Museum.
Touring the Tower
One of the best ways to learn just about the Tower of London is to participate in a guided tour (included subsequently the cost of agreement). Conducted by the Tower’s proficient Yeoman Warders (aka, the Beefeaters).
These appealing tours find the child support for the scoop upon anything from Henry VIII’s wives, executions and ceremonies (daily, every one 30 minutes). The last tour is 2:30pm (winter), 3:30pm (summer).
Excellent audio tours are as well as available and lid topics such as the Medieval Palace, to imprisonment and executions (adults, 4; kids, 3; families 12).